If the paint doesn't come off, it's oil-based, and an oil-based primer is a must. But the major disadvantage of oil-based enamels is their high VOC content. Hi all, I have been operating a painting company the last 4 years, and have primarity been doing interior residential repaints and deck refinishing. Just as important as this is, equally important you should not paint over latex using oil. The general rule of thumb is that oil paint can go on top of latex, but latex can't go on top of oil. Oil-based paint works well for exterior doors and metal railings because it creates a durable, strong finish that holds up against the elements. The advantages of this carrier are manifold. Majority of professional painting businesses will recommend acrylic (latex) paint rather than oil based. There are two different types of latex paint, interior and exterior. I am in the process of growing my business, so I will have a few questions as I go. The best way to keep paints and stains on wood siding and trim has been debated since manufactured house paint was first introduced in the late 1800s. Expert opinion: Latex paint is used for most exterior applications The nice thing about this paint is that it’s much easier to work with than oil-based paint. Latex paints are probably the most common paints you will find in most paint stores, and many of them are now technically 100% acrylic, which is … Water is the carrier for water-based paint – it “carries” the pigment and acrylic or vinyl binders. Acrylic latex paint and oil-based paint also known as "alkyd" paint. Q) What paint (type) should I use on a house exterior? It’s also resistant to … Latex paint that contains water as the primary liquid stays flexible and durable through weather and temperature changes. Another disadvantage of oil-based enamels is that they require mineral spirits (“paint thinner”) to clean equipment after painting. However, there are some circumstances where you still might want to opt for an oil-based paint on outdoor surfaces. Oil vs. Latex Paint vs. Stain Effect of Sun Exposure Lumber Quality Application Weather Primer Application Topcoat Application Construction Details View all EXTERIORS articles. If you try to paint latex over oil, the latex paint won’t adhere properly. If paint comes off, it's latex and another coat of the same is in order. When it comes right down to it, the best thing for any person to do is determine the type of surface they want to cover and after careful research, choose the paint … The pigments in both oil based and latex paint determines the degree of coverage and the color the the finish. It dries more slowly than latex — usually taking 24 hours to cure — and cleans up with turpentine or paint thinner. Latex for general use around the house, both interior or exterior. These two questions are extremely important painting over exterior concrete epoxy paint, and wood floors, or wooden decks. Last about 10 years. Latex paint is water-based, making it faster drying, easier to clean and better for the environment. From a practical standpoint, the biggest difference is that oil-base paint requires mineral spirits for cleanup, have a longer dry time, have a stronger odor, but dry to a harder finish. When to Use Latex Paint. Latex paint is a great choice for walls and ceilings. Acrylic enamels are waterborne, so clean up is not only much easier, but more environmentally-friendly, too. It also sands well and doesn’t gum up sandpaper like latex paint does. Being of the latex generation, (and living in NY, where the only oil-based products are alkyd primers), I have only been using oil-based products to prime metal, cover stains, or to ready oil trim work for latex. Painting an oil-based paint over a latex, look out! Modern acrylic paints provide a better finish & longer lasting paint job unless the surface (to be painted) mandates an oil-based paint … Here’s a list of quick pro’s and con’s for oil based paint. Latex paints have also improved dramatically in recent years. Paint comes in a number of different finishes, from flat to high gloss. When liquids in oil-paint evaporate, a hard, tough film is left behind. Solvents are typically water for latex paint and mineral spirits for oil paint – but in both cases, the solvent is what evaporates as the paint dries, leaving behind the resin, pigment, and additives. Acrylic latex paint is made with water and an acrylic resin binder. Latex paints, also called acrylic paints, are fast-drying and are water-based paints, drying quickly following its application.It can take a couple hours or less to be completely dry. Latex is cheaper than acrylic paint. Latex paint won't adhere to oil paint and will chip or peel. Easier to work with: Latex-based paint is … This makes latex paint excellent for painting large areas. From the 1920s to the 1960s, oil-based paint, which covered in fewer coats, leveled beautifully and was highly durable, was considered a miraculous innovation. It’s easier to apply latex paint to a surface and it dries a lot faster. Interestingly, though, on the other hand, you can’t use oil-based paints over latex paint.. It is a commonly held belief that oil-based paints don’t mix well with other types of paints; however, at the same time, it is also said that it is perfectly okay to use latex paint over an oil-based primer. If it properly dries, consider yourself lucky. All paint is made of the same basic ingredients: solvent, resin, additives, and pigments. Alkyd is oil-based paint and latex is water based. The Case for "Latex" (aka Water-Based Paint) For years, there's been a lively debate about the supremacy of oil-based or water-based paint. An oil-based paint goes on smoother than a water-based paint and covers the wood more thoroughly in a single coat than latex. Latex-Based Exterior House Paint Pros of Latex-Based House Paint: Resistant to direct sunlight: Unlike oil-based paint that oxidizes in the sun, latex-based paint retains its color after years of exposure to direct sunlight. 3. Latex-base products are an emulsion suspended in water. History of Oil vs. Latex Paint. Advantages of Latex Exterior Paint “There are some real benefits to using water-based paint,” Schmitt says. As it’s water-based, it’s easy to apply, dries quickly, and it doesn’t make as much of a mess. Oil paint is, of course, oil-based and covers more in one coat and is highly durable. Oil paint still has plenty of uses, though, so we thought we’d talk about what makes latex paint so good and where oil paint really shines. With oil based paints, the primary difference between interior and exterior paints is how hard a film the paint dries to. Latex-Based Paint. Although you can find latex paints for both exterior and interior use, alkyd paints are generally sold only for exterior use, and many states, led by California, prohibit the use of these oil-based paints indoors.Oil-based paints off-gas significant levels of VOCs for several days after application, and off-gassing can continue for years. OIL Based Paint PRO: Lays down for a very smooth finish; Sands well between coats; Durable, scrub-able, long lasting finish OIL Based Paint CON: Latex paint is usually purchased in larger quantities than the other types of paint (latex paint generally comes in 5 gallon buckets, versus 1 gallon pails for the other types), although can be found in 1 gallon sizes. It is easier to apply than oil-based paint, and is usually the best paint for large jobs. Besides, this would be a risky move because the latex paint may cause the oil-based paint to crack and peel. Oil-based paints have been around for a long time, and it was only during the mid-20th century that latex based paints were created and developed. Oil-base products are typically composed of pigments dissolved in a mineral spirit such as paint thinner. The short answer is that latex paint is best for cabinets. Latex paint is easier to clean up with just soap and water. Oil-based products, which include alkyd paints, clean up with mineral spirits. For many years, oil-based paints were popular for home painting. Latex is good for general painting projects such as walls and ceilings. Whether you’re transitioning from latex to oil-based paint or oil-based to latex paint, an oil-based primer will work just fine. Some of the best latex paints now rival the finish and durability of oil-based paint. Water-based products, which are referred to as latex paints though they are now based on vinyl and acrylics, clean up with water. On the other hand, oil-based paint is made with oil, and it is a very slow drying paint, sometimes taking up to a week to dry thoroughly. Oil-based paint uses a hydrocarbon-0based solvent as the vehicle and an alkyd resin. Not so good on bare metal and shiny surfaces. Oil paint makes a case for itself with its reputation for easy application and a long-lasting finish that can be scrubbed and cleaned regularly, but latex paint is the best choice for most cabinets since it offers lower levels of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and is quicker to dry. This is one of the significant differences between Alkyd and latex paint. Alkyd vs Latex Paint. My experience in painting over rougher textured T-111 or board and batten exterior siding that's been stained and weathered is to clean and prep as appropriate ( sanding, scraping etc. ) Latex paint is easier to work with and dries more quickly, but it isn't quite as durable as oil-based paint. Differences Exterior Painting: Oil Vs Latex Paint There are certain differences between oil and latex paint, as you might know some people prefer oil-based paint while others prefer latex-based paint, the truth is that they both work but some people have different preferences than others. When comparing the durability between alkyd and latex paints, both have excellent adhesion properties. Oil-based paint dries to a smooth, hard surface that stands up well to the elements. Oil based paints are better for holding unto steel, metal and dirty surfaces while latex should rather be applied to clean surfaces since the paint does not stick unto dirty and chalking surface. followed by an oil based primer, followed by several coats of a good latex paint. The Pros and Cons of Water-Based Paints. As we said earlier, this is an advantage if your painting a small area like a bedroom or bathroom. 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