The Victorian architecture was heavily criticized by the contemporary critics. Western influence in architecture was strong when Hong Kong was a British colony. Not only do we see a profusion of new builds constructed for residential and commercial reasons but earlier properties were extensively remodelled in the Victorian style. Queen Victoria ruled the British Empire from 1837 until her death in 1901. These homes are usually thought to have been inspired by the county villas in Europe. Victorian era architects loved the challenge of varied roof lines and asymmetrical designs. However, many elements of what is typically termed "Victorian" architecture did not become popular until later in Victoria's reign, roughly from 1850 or 1850. The Shingle Style was a prominent architectural style in New England from 1879 to 1890. The Stick and Queen Anne had machine cut decoration. They are usually nested in rural settings matching together the functional advantages of a house and the decorative beauty of Victorian style. The Victorian architectural styles were frequently used during the mid and late 19th century in the United Kingdom. Designed by Sir Charles Barry and Augustus Pugin, The "Red Brick" Victoria Building at the University of Liverpool, completed in 1893 in Gothic Revival style. 6 Styles of Victorian House Architecture with Exam ... Victorian House Images – Old, Vintage, Traditional, etc. Other notable Scottish architects of this period are Archibald Simpson and Alexander Marshall Mackenzie, whose stylistically varied work can be seen in the architecture of Aberdeen. Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century. The Victorian era was dominated by industrial and civic building projects on a vast scale. The Fan district is best known locally as Richmond's largest and most 'European' of Richmond's neighborhoods and nationally as the largest contiguous Victorian neighborhood in the United States. As in the United Kingdom, examples of Gothic Revival and Italianate continued to be constructed during this period, and are therefore sometimes called Victorian. [14], The photo album L'Architecture Americaine by Albert Levy published in 1886 is perhaps the first recognition in Europe of the new forces emerging in North American architecture. Its architectural value in preserving and reinventing the past is significant. See more ideas about Victorian architecture, Architecture, Victorian homes. Also property management Ventura County companies, show us that there are perfect examples of Victorian-style houses in California. [2], Palace of Westminster, Neo-Gothic completed in 1870. [7][8] Richmond, Virginia is home to several large Victorian neighborhoods, the most prominent being The Fan. Victorian styles of architecture dominated in Canada from the mid-nineteenth century up to the First World War. See more ideas about architecture, victorian architecture, victorian homes. The Victorian Era (mid to late 19th Century) saw a return of many architectural styles including Gothic Revival, Tudor and Romanesque as well as influences from Asia and the Middle East. A Style of Many Styles. Usually, the architectural projects included dormer windows at the highest level of the construction which gives the impression of a unique style, yet not so majestic like the French chateau architectural style, for example. 1890), Folk Victorian (1870-1910), Queen Anne (1880–1910), Richardsonian Romanesque (1880–1900), and Shingle (1880–1900). American Victorian Architecture, Homes From 1840 to 1900 Italianate Style. [citation needed] Cabbagetown is the largest and most continuous Victorian residential area in North America. The location of these homes can be rarely found the surrounding s of high populated urban areas. Designed by Alfred Waterhouse, The Victorian Pavilion at The Oval cricket ground in London, Victorian School of Art and Science at Stroud, Gloucestershire, House on the Hardwick House estate near Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, The Aston Webb building at the University of Birmingham, UK, The Gilbert Scott Building of the University of Glasgow, as viewed from Kelvingrove Park, Glasgow. Wood or stone exterior. Victorian Architecture was dominant during the 19th century. Some historians classify the later years of Gothic Revival as a distinctive Victorian style named High Victorian Gothic. Victorian architecture makes up a large proportion of those buildings, and many of us live in Victorian homes today. This is a quick look at what distinguishes Victorian homes from the rest, the history behind the architecture and the design elements that make up their distinctive style. Within the time of her reign, 1837 to 1901, American evolved through several distinct architectural styles. Some chose the United States, and others went to Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The Victorian architecture is a mixture of many styles like the Italianate, stick east-lake, Queen Anne. May 7, 2016 - Explore Nermine Kotb's board "architectural styles" on Pinterest. The extent to which any one is the "largest surviving example" is debated, with numerous qualifications. Though the echoes of the old motifs can still be found. Victorian style in the early stages of its development was in the form of quite bulky interior with a mass of bizarre patterns and ornaments. But over time, this style has become different with sense of proportion. They often threw dinner parties in their homes, so they needed a home that could impress their guests who were usually four times a week there. Other styles prevalent during this time include Period and Colonial Revivals, Romanesque, Renaissance, Gothic and Classical Revivals, Second Empire, Beaux Arts, Arts and Crafts and Queen Anne Revivals. Victorian architecture can be found in Ireland however to a much lesser extent than Georgian architecture which is most prominent in the cities of Dublin, Limerick and Cork. In Australia there are some really fine imposing examples also, like the Rialto Building or the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne. It brought the spirit of Western Europe homes. Thus, the influence of English architecture spread across the world. The following article provides an insight into what a Victorian style house is, its main features, and the different types of Victorian style houses you should know about. Typical for that period were the buildings with a lot of ornaments with tall facades and a roof in a mansard style. In fact, such mixture of old traditions and modern building technology allows the fantastic result called Italianate Victorian Style. The later stage of the 19th century brought changes in the house color schemes, in the architects and the architecture. Many different types of styles emerged during the Victorian era in North America. Victorian style in its early years can surely be defined as innovative. Some of them are a true replication of rural Italian houses in Roman architectural style. By the middle of the 19th century, as a result of new technology, construction was able to incorporate metal materials as building components. Of course, the typical for all the Victorian houses elements still present, like the multiple colors, walls rich in texture, steep roof pitches and, this one is really specific, below the gable there is usually a vergeboard. Architecture and Construction in Steel. See more ideas about Victorian, Victorian homes, Victorian architecture. The Victorian style originates in Britain, but the rumor of this gorgeous style in architecture spread around the world very quickly. An outstanding material that can be often found in this types of homes is wood, and especially shingles. San Francisco is well known for its extensive Victorian architecture, particularly in the Haight-Ashbury, Lower Haight, Alamo Square, Noe Valley, Castro, Nob Hill, and Pacific Heights neighborhoods. A range of styles are strongly associated with the 19 th century, such as Gothic Revival, Italianate and Neoclassicalism, but the architectural style that we may call Victorian came later in the monarch’s reign. Stine, L. (2005) Historic Old West End Toledo, Ohio. These buildings … It follows the same classification of Georgian Architecture, Regency Architecture and Edwardian Architecture. Italianate Lewis House in Upstate New York. Blank, Alan; McEvoy, Michael; Plank, Roger (1993). The houses were made to be individual and unique. Another feature that establish the distinguishment for this particular type is the simple gables and the specific form of the room – usually they have a steep pitch. Architectural Styles Guide. Its principles, especially honesty of expression, were first laid down in The True Principles of Pointed or Christian Architecture (1841) by Augustus Pugin (1812–52). Perspective, Raheel Ahmad, History and Style of Victorian Architecture and Hardware, Photographs of Victorian Homes in Hamilton, Ontario Canada, Victorian era architecture in San Francisco, California, Victorian era architecture and history in Buffalo, New York, Architectural influences on Victorian style, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Victorian_architecture&oldid=993180713, 19th-century architecture in the United Kingdom, 19th-century architecture in the United States, Victorian architecture in the United States, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 December 2020, at 05:41. Structures were erected with cast iron and wrought iron frames however, due to being weak in tension, these materials were effectively phased out in place for more structurally sound steel. 1. In the US, the South End of Boston is recognized by the National Register of Historic Places as the oldest and largest Victorian neighborhood in the country. Furniture had a pretty massive look and lots of carved ornaments also. Victorian Era Victorian architecture is characterized by an eclecticism that moves from one building or part of a building to the other, describing features and influences and sometimes even redefining trends. During the British colonial period of British Ceylon: But a Victorian style house is much more than just an elegant architecture. New methods of construction were developed in this era of prosperity, but ironically the architectural styles, as developed by such architects as Augustus Pugin, were typically retrospective. As we already outlined, Victorian architecture style is various, but there are several repeated elements that can be grouped in separate sub-categories as following: The original appearance of the style dates back from the moment when American cities began to progress in size and cultural variety. Porches with gables in combination with towers in circular forms, windows used for allowing huge amounts of light and also functioning as decorative elements, enormous variety of colorful accents, textures and patterns – all this characterize the Victorian architectural style of that specific time period. "The Fan District - Great Public Spaces- Project for Public Spaces (PPS)", "Gingerbread Trim: Feast your eyes on these ornate Victorian-era embellishments", "Eldridge Johnson House, 33 Perry Street (moved from 225 Congress Street), Cape May, Cape May County, NJ", Decorative Hardware of the Victorian Era: An American. [1] One of the greatest exponents of iron frame construction was Joseph Paxton, architect of the Crystal Palace. Normally, they applied architectural styles that were fashionable when they left England. Complicated, asymmetrical shape. In the United States of America, notable cities which developed or were rebuilt largely during this era include Alameda, Astoria, Albany, Deal, Troy, Philadelphia, Boston, the Brooklyn Heights and Victorian Flatbush sections of New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, Chicago, Columbus, Detroit, Eureka, Galena, Galveston, Grand Rapids, Baltimore, Jersey City/Hoboken, Cape May, Louisville, Cincinnati, Atlanta, Milwaukee, New Orleans, Pittsburgh, Richmond, Saint Paul, and Midtown in Sacramento. [9] The Old West End neighborhood of Toledo, Ohio is recognized as the largest collection of late Victorian and Edwardian homes in the United States, east of the Mississippi. The Queen Anne is often recognized for its bright and avant-garde color schemes of which San Francisco’s celebrated “Painted Ladies” are a representation. Paxton also continued to build such houses as Mentmore Towers, in the still popular English Renaissance styles. Victorian Architecture: The Revival Style. Victorian architecture usually has many intricate window frames inspired by the famous architect Elliot Rae. The Folk Victorian architectural style is marked by the fascinating combination of Victorian romanticism, classic English cottage and, an outstanding addition, American homestead style. Victorian architecture refers to the style of revived architecture; most of the styles of these buildings have predominantly been revived from the late 19th century also known as the Victorian age. A list of these styles most commonly includes Second Empire (1855–85), Stick-Eastlake (1860–ca. [4], Melbourne's world heritage Royal Exhibition Building, built in 1880 (Free Classical), General Post Office, Sydney in the Free Classical style (1891), St Peters Cathedral, Adelaide, South Australia (Gothic Revival), Queen Victoria Building in Romanesque style (1898), South Melbourne Town Hall in Second Empire style, St Mary's Cathedral, Sydney in Victorian Gothic architecture (1882), Victorian Mannerist architecture lining a street in Sydney, State Library of Victoria of the Academic Classical style (1870), North Terrace of the University of Adelaide in Victorian Tudor style, Italianate home in Randwick, New South Wales, Filigree style terraces in Surry Hills with ornate iron-wrought detailing, Second Empire and Filigree residence in South Yarra, Victoria. Bookmasters. In the United States, 'Victorian' architecture generally describes styles that were most popular between 1860 and 1900. Its influences were diverse but the Scottish architects who practiced it were inspired by unique ways to blend architecture, purpose, and everyday life in a meaningful way. An example of the Gothic Revival style, North of Scotland Bank in Aberdeen by Archibald Simpson 1839–42, Balmoral Castle, completely rebuilt for Queen Victoria, an example of the Scots Baronial style, Barclays Bank building, Sutton, Greater London, Forth Rail Bridge, Firth of Forth, near Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. In the past the owners of a Victorian house could be described as really active society members. In Stick Eastlake homes one can find the richness and creativity of human mind in the wood and framing the constructions. Although Victoria missed reigning over the United States by several decades, the term is often used for American styles and buildings from the same period, as well as those from the British Empire. 1) Victorian. Victorian homes are usually large and imposing. During the 18th century, a few English architects emigrated to the colonies, but as the British Empirebecame firmly established during the 19th century, many architects emigrated at the start of their careers. The Royal Exchange, London Glossary. You will definitely recognize such a house by its huge front porch decorated with brilliant eaves, the gorgeous arched windows, Corinthian columns, etc. It was the signature style of the grand railway hotels, earning it the name "Railway Gothic", with Quebec’s Château Frontenac the most famous – and most photographed – urban example. This type is mostly preferred for expensive houses since it creates an overall impression of majestic presence. [5][6] Old Louisville in Louisville, Kentucky, also claims to be the nation's largest Victorian neighborhood. The history of the Victorian Architectural period roughly parallels the same period in which the British Monarch, Queen Victoria, ruled The British Empire, hence the name. The styles that emerged during the lifetime of England’s second-longest reigning monarch (the reign of Queen Elizabeth II surpassed Victoria’s in 2015) are present even today, with influences from the Victorian age still evident in art, architecture, design, and decor. Even if the basic design of a group of houses is the same, you can expect to find unique window styles and architectural details that give each house its … During the industrial revolution, many homes were built in the Victorian style as part of the housing boom. Unlike during the previous centuries there was now easy communication between Canada and the architectural centres of the United States and Britain. The château style was a uniquely Canadian architectural style that combined elements from Scottish baronial and French château architecture, complete with turrets and towers. The legacy of Victorian architecture on the landscape today. Richard Norwan Shaw is the most famous influencer in the years between 1875 and 1905. With the boom of technology and the invention of the fast communications the architects all over the different spots in the worlds began to exchange their experience and this resulted into a fast progress of the architectural style. Victorian architecture combines several trends from other styles typical for the 19th century. Entry doors were usually double and the floor plan typically rectangular. Victorian style in its early years can surely be defined as … Aug 22, 2020 - Explore K. D. Wildflowers's board "Victorian Architecture", followed by 2290 people on Pinterest. Examples of Victorian architecture in Dublin include George's Street Arcade and Royal City of Dublin Hospital on Baggot Street. Victorian architecture, building style of the Gothic Revival that marks the movement from a sentimental phase to one of greater exactitude. During the 18th century, a few English architects emigrated to the colonies, but as the British Empire became firmly established during the 19th century, many architects emigrated at the start of their careers. The term Victorian architecture describes several - predominantly revival - architectural styles that were popular from the mid- to the end of the 19th century; this period largely corresponds to the so-called Victorian era or the reign of Queen Victoria (1837-1901) after whom it was named. Victorian architecture encompasses European architectural styles that were popular during the reign of Queen Victoria (June 20, 1837 to January 22, 1901). Royal College Main Building. There were fifteen styles that predominated:[3], The Arts and Crafts style and Queen Anne style are considered to be part of the Federation Period, from 1890 to 1915. During this long reign, architecture on British soil was dominated by many different styles. You can recognize a home of that type by its decorative trussworks. Stick-Eastlake, a manner of geometric, machine-cut decorating derived from Stick and Queen Anne, is sometimes considered a distinct style. With its towers, turrets, wrap around porches and other superfluous architectural elements, the Queen Anne is the most extravagant and the most unconventional of Victorian architectural styles. This is a natural consequence of the time when the building materials became more affordable and easy to find. Queen Victoria, the Victorian Era's namesake, took the crown at only 18 years of age and ruled until her death in 1901. While Scottish architects pioneered this style it soon spread right across the United Kingdom and remained popular for another forty years. 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